Since it appeared in 1971, John Rawls’s A Theory of Justice has become a classic. The author has now revised the original edition to clear up a number of difficulties he and others have found in the original book. Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published.
John Rawls was James Bryant Conant University Professor at Harvard University. He was recipient of the 1999 National Humanities Medal.
Table of Contents
CONTENTS PREFACE FOR THE REVISED EDITION PREFACE Part One. Theory CHAPTER I. JUSTICE AS FAIRNESS CHAPTER II. THE PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE CHAPTER III. THE ORIGINAL POSITION Part Two. Institutions CHAPTER IV. EQUAL LIBERTY CHAPTER V. DISTRIBUTIVE SHARES CHAPTER VI. DUTY AND OBLIGATION Part Three. Ends CHAPTER VII. GOODNESS AS RATIONALITY CHAPTER VIII. THE SENSE OF JUSTICE CHAPTER IX. THE GOOD OF JUSTICE Conversion Table Index