A History of the Peak District Moors

A History of the Peak District Moors

by David Hey

NOOK Book(eBook)

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“A superb new book . . . explores the history of Britain’s first National Park from the Stone Age to the modern day . . . lavishly illustrated.”—Reflections Magazine
The moors of the Peak District provide some of the finest walking country in England. The pleasure of rambling across them is enhanced by a knowledge of their history, ranging from prehistoric times and the middle ages to their conversion for grouse shooting and the struggle for the “right to roam” in modern times. This distinctive landscape is not an untouched, natural relic for it has been shaped by humans over the centuries. Now it is being conserved as part of Britain’s first National Park; much of it is in the care of The National Trust.
The book covers all periods of time from prehistory to the present, for a typical moorland walk might take in the standing stones of a prehistoric stone circle, a medieval boundary marker, a guide stoop dated 1709, the straight walls of nineteenth-century enclosure, a row of Victorian grouse butts, a long line of flagstones brought in by helicopter, and very much more besides.
“This is no ‘desk-based study’ but the product of a lifetime of living, working and researching in or immediately adjacent to the moors.”—The Local Historian
“David writes with a contagious enthusiasm. This generously illustrated book roams amongst the best—and lesser-known—moorland features . . . a guide par excellence.”—Peak Advertiser
“Few tomes can have been quite as comprehensive as David’s. Within these pages are Romans and Vikings, railways and canals, ramblers and World War Two soldiers.”—The Star (Sheffield)

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781473831964
Publisher: Pen & Sword Books Limited
Publication date: 01/09/2014
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 192
Sales rank: 1,144,865
File size: 28 MB
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About the Author

David Hey is Emeritus Professor of Local and Family History at the University of Sheffield. He is President of the British Association for Local History and the Chairman of the British Record Society. He grew up in the Penistone district and he and his wife live at Dronfield Woodhouse. He is the author of numerous books and articles, including A History of the Peak District Moors, which Pen&Sword published in 2014.

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Chapter 1 Introduction: The Longshaw Estate 1

The meaning of 'moor' 1

Longshaw over the centuries 2

Roads 11

The enclosure of the commons and wastes 14

The right to roam and the sale of the Longshaw Estate 18

Chapter 2 The Early History of the Moors 23

The Stone Age 23

The Bronze Age 26

The Iron Age 35

Romans, Angles and Vikings 38

Chapter 3 The Middle Ages 45

Forests, chases and lordships 45

The Royal Forest of the Peak 45

Other forests 49

Hallamshire 52

Wharncliffe Chase 54

The northern moors 56

Monastic granges 61

Townships and hamlets 67

Saltways 72

Moorland industries 75

Chapter 4 'A waste and houling wilderness' 1550-1750 76

The nature of the moors 76

Moorland farms 79

Rights and stints 83

Peat 87

Early enclosure of the commons 90

Greens and small commons 93

Woods 94

Industries 96

Communications 102

The growing economy 105

Chapter 5 Improvement and Enclosure 108

Turnpike roads 108

Canals and railways 114

Farming before enclosure 116

Boundaries before enclosure 119

Parliamentary enclosure 121

Victorian moorland halls, farmsteads and new settlements 129

Reservoirs 133

Chapter 6 Grouse Moors 138

The early history of grouse-shooting 138

Managed moors 142

Stanage moors 147

Shooting only 150

The Harpur-Crewe moors 152

Modern times 155

Chapter 7 The Right to Roam 157

The first rambling clubs 157

The Peak District and Northern Counties Footpaths Preservation Society 159

G.H.B. Ward and the Sheffield Clarion Ramblers 161

Kinder Scout and the legend of the mass trespass 171

The continued struggle for access 178

The Second World War and its aftermath 180

Chapter 8 Conclusion: Present Times 185

Bibliography 192

Index 196

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