A Documentary History of Modern Iraq

A Documentary History of Modern Iraq

by Stacy E. Holden (Editor)


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Previously published histories and primary source collections on the Iraqi experience tend to be topically focused or dedicated to presenting a top-down approach. By contrast, Stacy Holden's A Documentary History of Modern Iraq gives voice to ordinary Iraqis, clarifying the experience of the Shiites, Sunnis, Kurds, Jews, and women over the past century.
     Through varied documents ranging from short stories to treaties, political speeches to memoirs, and newspaper articles to book excerpts, the work synthesizes previously marginalized perspectives of minorities and women with the voices of the political elite to provide an integrated picture of political change from the Ottoman Empire in 1903 to the end of the second Bush administration in 2008. Covering a broad range of topics, this bottom-up approach allows readers to fully immerse themselves in the lives of everyday Iraqis as they navigate regime shifts from the British to the Hashemite monarchy, the political upheaval of the Persian Gulf wars, and beyond. Brief introductions to each excerpt provide context and suggest questions for classroom discussion.
     This collection offers raw history, untainted and unfiltered by modern political framework and thought, representing a refreshing new approach to the study of Iraq.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813040165
Publisher: University Press of Florida
Publication date: 07/08/2012
Pages: 406
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Stacy E. Holden, associate professor of history at Purdue University, is the author of The Politics of Food in Modern Morocco.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

1 Ottoman Mesopotamia, 1903-1920 17

The Wedding of Regina, 1903 18

Lt. Col. Sir Mark Sykes on Mosul, 1906 21

The Young Turk Proclamation of 1908 24

Jafar al-Askari on Corrupt Ottoman Administration in Iraq 25

Sultan Abdul Hamid Deposed, 1909 29

Tribal Rebellion near Mosul, 1909 30

Baghdad Petition, 1910 33

British Military Rule in Basra 39

The Horrors of World War I 42

The Proclamation of Baghdad, 19 March 1917 45

The War Viewed from Baghdad 47

2 The British Mandate, 1920-1932 53

Iraqi Nationalism 55

Nationalist Poetry 61

The Revolt of 1920 62

Lawrence of Arabia Opposes Iraqi Mandate 66

Winston Churchill Outlines Middle East Policy 69

The Kurdish "Election" of King Faysal 74

King Faysals Coronation Speech, 1921 78

Shi'is Oppose (Rigged) Elections 81

3 The Hashemite Monarchy, 1932-1941 89

Faysal Expresses Intention to Protect Minorities, 1932 90

Pan-Arab Nationalism 93

Faysal I Promotes Pan-Arabism, 1932 99

The Assyrian Affair, 1933 102

The Bakr Sidqi Coup of 1936 107

Rising Anti-Semitism in Baghdad 113

The Shi'i Celebration of Ashura 115

Elegy to the Poor 121

4 Ending the Old Regime, 1941-1958 125

The Farhud 126

Rules for American Soldiers in Iraq during World War II 130

The Treaty of Portsmouth, 15 January 1948 133

Intellectual Life in Baghdad 137

Poverty in Baghdad 140

The Evolution of a Communist 143

Law No.1 of 1950 147

The Exodus of Kurdish Jews 148

Life in a Shi'i Village 154

5 The Revolutionary Era, 1958-1968 160

American Response to Qasim's Coup d'État 161

Corruption and Inequality 166

An American View of Revolutionary Iraq 173

Mutiny in Mosul, March 1959 176

The Social Lives of Women in Revolutionary Iraq 182

The Kurdish Revolt, 1961-1963 187

6 Consolidating Ba'thist Power, 1968-1979 193

U.S. Response to me Ba'thist Coup, July 1968 194

The Ba'thist Constitution, 1970 195

The Jewish Exodus under the Ba'th 198

Pan-Arab Cultural Production 206

Women in Ba'thist Iraq 209

History and Ba'thist Totalitarianism 212

The United States Considers Assistance to Kurds, 1972 214

The 1974-1975 War in Kurdish Iraq 215

Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr and the Principle of Social Justice 220

Ba'thist Response to Shi'i Protests, 1979 223

7 The Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1990 229

Saddam Hussein Justifies the War 230

The Iran-Iraq War through a General's Eyes 235

The United States Supports Ba'thist Iraq 239

The Iran-Iraq War through a Soldier's Eyes 244

The Front Line 248

The Home Front 254

Al Anfal 258

The End of the War 261

8 The Persian Gulf War and Sanctions, 1990-2002 265

Ambassador April Glaspie Meets with Saddam Hussein 267

"Null and Void": UN SC Res 662, 9 August 1990 271

"All Necessary Means": UN SC Res 678, 29 November 1990 272

The Persian Gulf War Experienced in Baghdad 273

The Persian Gulf War Wreaks Regional Havoc 278

"After the Storm": Winning the War, but Losing the Peace 281

Denis Halliday Protests the Sanctions Regime 285

The Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 287

The Deleterious Effects of Sanctions on Iraqi Women 288

9 The Invasion of Iraq, 2001-2003 300

Saddam Hussein Responds to 9/11 302

Brent Scowcroft Opposes Invasion of Iraq 303

President Bush Argues for War 306

An Iraqi Elegy to Baghdad 312

The Battle of Nasiriyah 315

The Occupation of Baghdad 320

The Pillaging of the National Museum 323

Saddam Hussein Responds to Invasion 328

President Bush's "Mission Accomplished" Speech 330

10 The Occupation of Iraq under the Coalition Provisional Authority, 2003-2004 336

Civilians and the Front Line 337

Lt. Paul Bremer Forms a Governing Council 339

Women during the Iraq War 343

A Sunni Insurgent 347

Shi'i Disillusionment 353

The Rules of Engagement 357

The Coffins of Muqdadiyah 359

Operation Devil Siphon 362

The Lot of Children 367

Secondary Source Material 373

Acknowledgments 375

Index 381

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